50 лет назад за одну ночь соорудили Берлинскую стену

12 Августа 2011, 17:03

Завтра исполняется ровно полвека одному из символов холодной войны. Фото Getty Images

BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor standing on a ladder looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A costumed border guard stands in front of a poster near a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, the so called East Side Gallery, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors watch through a metal door at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors ride past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin is pictured on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A guide instructs visitors at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor peeks through a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors walk past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A visitor photographs a part of a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, so called 'East Side Gallery', where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors walk past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, the so called East Side Gallery, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors walk past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A visitor photographs a part of a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor walks along a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images)
BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor standing on a ladder looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A costumed border guard stands in front of a poster near a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, the so called East Side Gallery, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors watch through a metal door at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors ride past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin is pictured on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A guide instructs visitors at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor peeks through a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors walk past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A visitor photographs a part of a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, so called 'East Side Gallery', where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors walk past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, the so called East Side Gallery, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors walk past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A visitor photographs a part of a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor walks along a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor standing on a ladder photographs over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images)
BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor standing on a ladder looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images)
BERLIN - DECEMBER 30: A section of a wall still pockmarked with bullet holes from World War II stands at Schlossplatz near the Berliner Dom cathedral on December 30, 2008 in Berlin, Germany. City officials recently announced that they have the green light to begin construction of the new Stadtschloss, or Berlin City Palace, at the site. According to a recently-released report Berlin is Europe's third most popular tourism destination after London and Paris. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), A painting of a Trabant car bursting through a wall in post unification Berlin, August 1993. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
BERLIN - DECEMBER 30: A section of a wall still pockmarked with bullet holes from World War II stands at Schlossplatz near the Berliner Dom cathedral on December 30, 2008 in Berlin, Germany. City officials recently announced that they have the green light to begin construction of the new Stadtschloss, or Berlin City Palace, at the site. According to a recently-released report Berlin is Europe's third most popular tourism destination after London and Paris. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images)
BERLIN - DECEMBER 30: A section of a wall still pockmarked with bullet holes from World War II stands at Schlossplatz near the Berliner Dom cathedral on December 30, 2008 in Berlin, Germany. City officials recently announced that they have the green light to begin construction of the new Stadtschloss, or Berlin City Palace, at the site. According to a recently-released report Berlin is Europe's third most popular tourism destination after London and Paris. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), A painting of a Trabant car bursting through a wall in post unification Berlin, August 1993. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), November 1961: Barbed wire on the West side of the Brandenburg gate, put up as a 'Safety measure' by the British. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), High-angle shot of Stanislaus Gefroerer laying in the back of a lorry after crossing the Berlin Wall by ladder, fearing that guards may have seen him escape, Berlin, West Germany, September 20, 1965. (Photo by Express Newspapers/Getty Images) , East German border guards lift a child onto the Berlin Wall at the effective end of the city's partition, 31st December 1989. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), West Berliners peering through the Berlin Wall into the Eastern sector near Check Point Charlie. The newly erected wall has no barbed wire only tubes which make it difficult to gain a handhold should anyone try to climb over. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), circa 1965: American soldiers stationed in West Berlin keeping watch over the Berlin Wall. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images), Sightseers climb onto a bus to look at the newly-built Berlin Wall. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), May 1949: Preparing a banner over the road blocks which are to be removed from the Russian-American sector boundary. The banner, to mark the imminent end of the Berlin blockade, reads, 'The Sector of Freedom welcomes the Fighters for Freedom and Right of the Western Sectors'. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), BERLIN - OCTOBER 21: A worker pulls out one of the approximately 1,000 giant, styrofoam"dominos" that will be used to commemorate the fall of the Berlin Wall and that are currently stored at a warhouse after a press conference there on October 21, 2009 in Berlin, Germany. The dominos, which are decorated with motivs having to do with the end of the Cold War, will be lined up in front of the Brandenburg Gate towards Potsdamer Paltz and then will be tipped over to symbolize the domino-like fall of communism throughout central and eastern Europe in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images)
BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor standing on a ladder looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A costumed border guard stands in front of a poster near a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, the so called East Side Gallery, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors watch through a metal door at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors ride past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin is pictured on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A guide instructs visitors at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images)
BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor standing on a ladder looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A costumed border guard stands in front of a poster near a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, the so called East Side Gallery, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors watch through a metal door at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors ride past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin is pictured on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A guide instructs visitors at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor peeks through a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images)
BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor standing on a ladder looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A costumed border guard stands in front of a poster near a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, the so called East Side Gallery, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors watch through a metal door at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors ride past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin is pictured on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A guide instructs visitors at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images)
BERLIN - DECEMBER 30: A section of a wall still pockmarked with bullet holes from World War II stands at Schlossplatz near the Berliner Dom cathedral on December 30, 2008 in Berlin, Germany. City officials recently announced that they have the green light to begin construction of the new Stadtschloss, or Berlin City Palace, at the site. According to a recently-released report Berlin is Europe's third most popular tourism destination after London and Paris. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), A painting of a Trabant car bursting through a wall in post unification Berlin, August 1993. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), November 1961: Barbed wire on the West side of the Brandenburg gate, put up as a 'Safety measure' by the British. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), High-angle shot of Stanislaus Gefroerer laying in the back of a lorry after crossing the Berlin Wall by ladder, fearing that guards may have seen him escape, Berlin, West Germany, September 20, 1965. (Photo by Express Newspapers/Getty Images) , East German border guards lift a child onto the Berlin Wall at the effective end of the city's partition, 31st December 1989. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor standing on a ladder looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A costumed border guard stands in front of a poster near a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, the so called East Side Gallery, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors watch through a metal door at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors ride past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin is pictured on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images)
BERLIN - DECEMBER 30: A section of a wall still pockmarked with bullet holes from World War II stands at Schlossplatz near the Berliner Dom cathedral on December 30, 2008 in Berlin, Germany. City officials recently announced that they have the green light to begin construction of the new Stadtschloss, or Berlin City Palace, at the site. According to a recently-released report Berlin is Europe's third most popular tourism destination after London and Paris. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), A painting of a Trabant car bursting through a wall in post unification Berlin, August 1993. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), November 1961: Barbed wire on the West side of the Brandenburg gate, put up as a 'Safety measure' by the British. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), High-angle shot of Stanislaus Gefroerer laying in the back of a lorry after crossing the Berlin Wall by ladder, fearing that guards may have seen him escape, Berlin, West Germany, September 20, 1965. (Photo by Express Newspapers/Getty Images) , East German border guards lift a child onto the Berlin Wall at the effective end of the city's partition, 31st December 1989. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), West Berliners peering through the Berlin Wall into the Eastern sector near Check Point Charlie. The newly erected wall has no barbed wire only tubes which make it difficult to gain a handhold should anyone try to climb over. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), circa 1965: American soldiers stationed in West Berlin keeping watch over the Berlin Wall. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images), Sightseers climb onto a bus to look at the newly-built Berlin Wall. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), May 1949: Preparing a banner over the road blocks which are to be removed from the Russian-American sector boundary. The banner, to mark the imminent end of the Berlin blockade, reads, 'The Sector of Freedom welcomes the Fighters for Freedom and Right of the Western Sectors'. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), BERLIN - OCTOBER 21: A worker pulls out one of the approximately 1,000 giant, styrofoam"dominos" that will be used to commemorate the fall of the Berlin Wall and that are currently stored at a warhouse after a press conference there on October 21, 2009 in Berlin, Germany. The dominos, which are decorated with motivs having to do with the end of the Cold War, will be lined up in front of the Brandenburg Gate towards Potsdamer Paltz and then will be tipped over to symbolize the domino-like fall of communism throughout central and eastern Europe in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), 10th September 1961: A woman is lowered from a window in Bernauer Strasse on a rope to escape into the western sector of Berlin after the post-war division of the city. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), West German police arrest a young man, one of the angry crowd throwing stones at a bus full of Soviet guards making their way to the Soviet War Memorial, 20th August 1962. The crowd were incensed by the death of 18-year-old Peter Fechter, who was shot while trying to cross the Berlin Wall a few days earlier. (Photo by Central Press/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
BERLIN - DECEMBER 30: A section of a wall still pockmarked with bullet holes from World War II stands at Schlossplatz near the Berliner Dom cathedral on December 30, 2008 in Berlin, Germany. City officials recently announced that they have the green light to begin construction of the new Stadtschloss, or Berlin City Palace, at the site. According to a recently-released report Berlin is Europe's third most popular tourism destination after London and Paris. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), A painting of a Trabant car bursting through a wall in post unification Berlin, August 1993. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), November 1961: Barbed wire on the West side of the Brandenburg gate, put up as a 'Safety measure' by the British. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), High-angle shot of Stanislaus Gefroerer laying in the back of a lorry after crossing the Berlin Wall by ladder, fearing that guards may have seen him escape, Berlin, West Germany, September 20, 1965. (Photo by Express Newspapers/Getty Images) , East German border guards lift a child onto the Berlin Wall at the effective end of the city's partition, 31st December 1989. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), West Berliners peering through the Berlin Wall into the Eastern sector near Check Point Charlie. The newly erected wall has no barbed wire only tubes which make it difficult to gain a handhold should anyone try to climb over. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), circa 1965: American soldiers stationed in West Berlin keeping watch over the Berlin Wall. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images)
BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor standing on a ladder looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A costumed border guard stands in front of a poster near a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, the so called East Side Gallery, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors watch through a metal door at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors ride past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin is pictured on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A guide instructs visitors at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor peeks through a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors walk past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A visitor photographs a part of a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, so called 'East Side Gallery', where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors walk past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, the so called East Side Gallery, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors walk past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A visitor photographs a part of a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images)
BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor standing on a ladder looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A costumed border guard stands in front of a poster near a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, the so called East Side Gallery, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors watch through a metal door at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors ride past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images)
BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor standing on a ladder looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A costumed border guard stands in front of a poster near a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, the so called East Side Gallery, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors watch through a metal door at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors ride past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin is pictured on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A guide instructs visitors at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor peeks through a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors walk past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A visitor photographs a part of a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, so called 'East Side Gallery', where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors walk past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, the so called East Side Gallery, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors walk past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images)
BERLIN - DECEMBER 30: A section of a wall still pockmarked with bullet holes from World War II stands at Schlossplatz near the Berliner Dom cathedral on December 30, 2008 in Berlin, Germany. City officials recently announced that they have the green light to begin construction of the new Stadtschloss, or Berlin City Palace, at the site. According to a recently-released report Berlin is Europe's third most popular tourism destination after London and Paris. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), A painting of a Trabant car bursting through a wall in post unification Berlin, August 1993. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), November 1961: Barbed wire on the West side of the Brandenburg gate, put up as a 'Safety measure' by the British. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), High-angle shot of Stanislaus Gefroerer laying in the back of a lorry after crossing the Berlin Wall by ladder, fearing that guards may have seen him escape, Berlin, West Germany, September 20, 1965. (Photo by Express Newspapers/Getty Images) , East German border guards lift a child onto the Berlin Wall at the effective end of the city's partition, 31st December 1989. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), West Berliners peering through the Berlin Wall into the Eastern sector near Check Point Charlie. The newly erected wall has no barbed wire only tubes which make it difficult to gain a handhold should anyone try to climb over. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), circa 1965: American soldiers stationed in West Berlin keeping watch over the Berlin Wall. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images), Sightseers climb onto a bus to look at the newly-built Berlin Wall. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), May 1949: Preparing a banner over the road blocks which are to be removed from the Russian-American sector boundary. The banner, to mark the imminent end of the Berlin blockade, reads, 'The Sector of Freedom welcomes the Fighters for Freedom and Right of the Western Sectors'. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)
BERLIN - DECEMBER 30: A section of a wall still pockmarked with bullet holes from World War II stands at Schlossplatz near the Berliner Dom cathedral on December 30, 2008 in Berlin, Germany. City officials recently announced that they have the green light to begin construction of the new Stadtschloss, or Berlin City Palace, at the site. According to a recently-released report Berlin is Europe's third most popular tourism destination after London and Paris. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), A painting of a Trabant car bursting through a wall in post unification Berlin, August 1993. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), November 1961: Barbed wire on the West side of the Brandenburg gate, put up as a 'Safety measure' by the British. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), High-angle shot of Stanislaus Gefroerer laying in the back of a lorry after crossing the Berlin Wall by ladder, fearing that guards may have seen him escape, Berlin, West Germany, September 20, 1965. (Photo by Express Newspapers/Getty Images) , East German border guards lift a child onto the Berlin Wall at the effective end of the city's partition, 31st December 1989. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), West Berliners peering through the Berlin Wall into the Eastern sector near Check Point Charlie. The newly erected wall has no barbed wire only tubes which make it difficult to gain a handhold should anyone try to climb over. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), circa 1965: American soldiers stationed in West Berlin keeping watch over the Berlin Wall. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images), Sightseers climb onto a bus to look at the newly-built Berlin Wall. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), May 1949: Preparing a banner over the road blocks which are to be removed from the Russian-American sector boundary. The banner, to mark the imminent end of the Berlin blockade, reads, 'The Sector of Freedom welcomes the Fighters for Freedom and Right of the Western Sectors'. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), BERLIN - OCTOBER 21: A worker pulls out one of the approximately 1,000 giant, styrofoam"dominos" that will be used to commemorate the fall of the Berlin Wall and that are currently stored at a warhouse after a press conference there on October 21, 2009 in Berlin, Germany. The dominos, which are decorated with motivs having to do with the end of the Cold War, will be lined up in front of the Brandenburg Gate towards Potsdamer Paltz and then will be tipped over to symbolize the domino-like fall of communism throughout central and eastern Europe in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), 10th September 1961: A woman is lowered from a window in Bernauer Strasse on a rope to escape into the western sector of Berlin after the post-war division of the city. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), West German police arrest a young man, one of the angry crowd throwing stones at a bus full of Soviet guards making their way to the Soviet War Memorial, 20th August 1962. The crowd were incensed by the death of 18-year-old Peter Fechter, who was shot while trying to cross the Berlin Wall a few days earlier. (Photo by Central Press/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), 1961: A British soldier standing guard in West Berlin, as the East Germans added further restrictions on the crossing of the East-West border. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)
BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor standing on a ladder looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A costumed border guard stands in front of a poster near a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, the so called East Side Gallery, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors watch through a metal door at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors ride past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin is pictured on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A guide instructs visitors at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor peeks through a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors walk past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A visitor photographs a part of a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, so called 'East Side Gallery', where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors walk past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, the so called East Side Gallery, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images)
BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor standing on a ladder looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A costumed border guard stands in front of a poster near a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, the so called East Side Gallery, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors watch through a metal door at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images)
BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor standing on a ladder looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A costumed border guard stands in front of a poster near a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, the so called East Side Gallery, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors watch through a metal door at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors ride past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin is pictured on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A guide instructs visitors at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor peeks through a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors walk past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A visitor photographs a part of a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, so called 'East Side Gallery', where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images)
BERLIN - DECEMBER 30: A section of a wall still pockmarked with bullet holes from World War II stands at Schlossplatz near the Berliner Dom cathedral on December 30, 2008 in Berlin, Germany. City officials recently announced that they have the green light to begin construction of the new Stadtschloss, or Berlin City Palace, at the site. According to a recently-released report Berlin is Europe's third most popular tourism destination after London and Paris. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), A painting of a Trabant car bursting through a wall in post unification Berlin, August 1993. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), November 1961: Barbed wire on the West side of the Brandenburg gate, put up as a 'Safety measure' by the British. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), High-angle shot of Stanislaus Gefroerer laying in the back of a lorry after crossing the Berlin Wall by ladder, fearing that guards may have seen him escape, Berlin, West Germany, September 20, 1965. (Photo by Express Newspapers/Getty Images) , East German border guards lift a child onto the Berlin Wall at the effective end of the city's partition, 31st December 1989. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), West Berliners peering through the Berlin Wall into the Eastern sector near Check Point Charlie. The newly erected wall has no barbed wire only tubes which make it difficult to gain a handhold should anyone try to climb over. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), circa 1965: American soldiers stationed in West Berlin keeping watch over the Berlin Wall. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images), Sightseers climb onto a bus to look at the newly-built Berlin Wall. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), May 1949: Preparing a banner over the road blocks which are to be removed from the Russian-American sector boundary. The banner, to mark the imminent end of the Berlin blockade, reads, 'The Sector of Freedom welcomes the Fighters for Freedom and Right of the Western Sectors'. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), BERLIN - OCTOBER 21: A worker pulls out one of the approximately 1,000 giant, styrofoam"dominos" that will be used to commemorate the fall of the Berlin Wall and that are currently stored at a warhouse after a press conference there on October 21, 2009 in Berlin, Germany. The dominos, which are decorated with motivs having to do with the end of the Cold War, will be lined up in front of the Brandenburg Gate towards Potsdamer Paltz and then will be tipped over to symbolize the domino-like fall of communism throughout central and eastern Europe in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), 10th September 1961: A woman is lowered from a window in Bernauer Strasse on a rope to escape into the western sector of Berlin after the post-war division of the city. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)
BERLIN - DECEMBER 30: A section of a wall still pockmarked with bullet holes from World War II stands at Schlossplatz near the Berliner Dom cathedral on December 30, 2008 in Berlin, Germany. City officials recently announced that they have the green light to begin construction of the new Stadtschloss, or Berlin City Palace, at the site. According to a recently-released report Berlin is Europe's third most popular tourism destination after London and Paris. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), A painting of a Trabant car bursting through a wall in post unification Berlin, August 1993. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), November 1961: Barbed wire on the West side of the Brandenburg gate, put up as a 'Safety measure' by the British. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), High-angle shot of Stanislaus Gefroerer laying in the back of a lorry after crossing the Berlin Wall by ladder, fearing that guards may have seen him escape, Berlin, West Germany, September 20, 1965. (Photo by Express Newspapers/Getty Images) , East German border guards lift a child onto the Berlin Wall at the effective end of the city's partition, 31st December 1989. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), West Berliners peering through the Berlin Wall into the Eastern sector near Check Point Charlie. The newly erected wall has no barbed wire only tubes which make it difficult to gain a handhold should anyone try to climb over. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), circa 1965: American soldiers stationed in West Berlin keeping watch over the Berlin Wall. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images), Sightseers climb onto a bus to look at the newly-built Berlin Wall. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), May 1949: Preparing a banner over the road blocks which are to be removed from the Russian-American sector boundary. The banner, to mark the imminent end of the Berlin blockade, reads, 'The Sector of Freedom welcomes the Fighters for Freedom and Right of the Western Sectors'. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), BERLIN - OCTOBER 21: A worker pulls out one of the approximately 1,000 giant, styrofoam"dominos" that will be used to commemorate the fall of the Berlin Wall and that are currently stored at a warhouse after a press conference there on October 21, 2009 in Berlin, Germany. The dominos, which are decorated with motivs having to do with the end of the Cold War, will be lined up in front of the Brandenburg Gate towards Potsdamer Paltz and then will be tipped over to symbolize the domino-like fall of communism throughout central and eastern Europe in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), 10th September 1961: A woman is lowered from a window in Bernauer Strasse on a rope to escape into the western sector of Berlin after the post-war division of the city. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), West German police arrest a young man, one of the angry crowd throwing stones at a bus full of Soviet guards making their way to the Soviet War Memorial, 20th August 1962. The crowd were incensed by the death of 18-year-old Peter Fechter, who was shot while trying to cross the Berlin Wall a few days earlier. (Photo by Central Press/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), 1961: A British soldier standing guard in West Berlin, as the East Germans added further restrictions on the crossing of the East-West border. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), 1961: Soldiers building the Berlin Wall as instructed by the East German authorities, in order to strengthen the existing barriers dividing East and West Berlin. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)
BERLIN - DECEMBER 30: A section of a wall still pockmarked with bullet holes from World War II stands at Schlossplatz near the Berliner Dom cathedral on December 30, 2008 in Berlin, Germany. City officials recently announced that they have the green light to begin construction of the new Stadtschloss, or Berlin City Palace, at the site. According to a recently-released report Berlin is Europe's third most popular tourism destination after London and Paris. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), A painting of a Trabant car bursting through a wall in post unification Berlin, August 1993. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), November 1961: Barbed wire on the West side of the Brandenburg gate, put up as a 'Safety measure' by the British. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)
BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor standing on a ladder looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A costumed border guard stands in front of a poster near a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, the so called East Side Gallery, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors watch through a metal door at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors ride past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin is pictured on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A guide instructs visitors at a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor peeks through a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: Visitors walk past a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images)
BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 05: A visitor standing on a ladder looks over a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall into the so-called 'death strip,' where East German border guards had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin, as an original watchtower stands behind at the Bernauer Strasse memorial on August 5, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), BERLIN, GERMANY - AUGUST 10: A costumed border guard stands in front of a poster near a still-existing section of the Berlin Wall, the so called East Side Gallery, where East German border guards once had the order to shoot anyone attempting to flee into West Berlin on August 10, 2011 in Berlin, Germany. The city of Berlin will mark the 50th anniversary of the construction of the Wall on August 13. The Berlin Wall was originally built in 1961 by the communist authorities of East Germany in order to stop East Germans from fleeing west, and up to an estimated 245 people died trying to do so until the Wall came down in 1989. (Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty Images)
BERLIN - DECEMBER 30: A section of a wall still pockmarked with bullet holes from World War II stands at Schlossplatz near the Berliner Dom cathedral on December 30, 2008 in Berlin, Germany. City officials recently announced that they have the green light to begin construction of the new Stadtschloss, or Berlin City Palace, at the site. According to a recently-released report Berlin is Europe's third most popular tourism destination after London and Paris. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), A painting of a Trabant car bursting through a wall in post unification Berlin, August 1993. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), November 1961: Barbed wire on the West side of the Brandenburg gate, put up as a 'Safety measure' by the British. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), High-angle shot of Stanislaus Gefroerer laying in the back of a lorry after crossing the Berlin Wall by ladder, fearing that guards may have seen him escape, Berlin, West Germany, September 20, 1965. (Photo by Express Newspapers/Getty Images) , East German border guards lift a child onto the Berlin Wall at the effective end of the city's partition, 31st December 1989. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), West Berliners peering through the Berlin Wall into the Eastern sector near Check Point Charlie. The newly erected wall has no barbed wire only tubes which make it difficult to gain a handhold should anyone try to climb over. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)
BERLIN - DECEMBER 30: A section of a wall still pockmarked with bullet holes from World War II stands at Schlossplatz near the Berliner Dom cathedral on December 30, 2008 in Berlin, Germany. City officials recently announced that they have the green light to begin construction of the new Stadtschloss, or Berlin City Palace, at the site. According to a recently-released report Berlin is Europe's third most popular tourism destination after London and Paris. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), A painting of a Trabant car bursting through a wall in post unification Berlin, August 1993. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), November 1961: Barbed wire on the West side of the Brandenburg gate, put up as a 'Safety measure' by the British. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), High-angle shot of Stanislaus Gefroerer laying in the back of a lorry after crossing the Berlin Wall by ladder, fearing that guards may have seen him escape, Berlin, West Germany, September 20, 1965. (Photo by Express Newspapers/Getty Images)
BERLIN - DECEMBER 30: A section of a wall still pockmarked with bullet holes from World War II stands at Schlossplatz near the Berliner Dom cathedral on December 30, 2008 in Berlin, Germany. City officials recently announced that they have the green light to begin construction of the new Stadtschloss, or Berlin City Palace, at the site. According to a recently-released report Berlin is Europe's third most popular tourism destination after London and Paris. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images), A painting of a Trabant car bursting through a wall in post unification Berlin, August 1993. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), November 1961: Barbed wire on the West side of the Brandenburg gate, put up as a 'Safety measure' by the British. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), High-angle shot of Stanislaus Gefroerer laying in the back of a lorry after crossing the Berlin Wall by ladder, fearing that guards may have seen him escape, Berlin, West Germany, September 20, 1965. (Photo by Express Newspapers/Getty Images) , East German border guards lift a child onto the Berlin Wall at the effective end of the city's partition, 31st December 1989. (Photo by Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images), West Berliners peering through the Berlin Wall into the Eastern sector near Check Point Charlie. The newly erected wall has no barbed wire only tubes which make it difficult to gain a handhold should anyone try to climb over. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images), circa 1965: American soldiers stationed in West Berlin keeping watch over the Berlin Wall. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images), Sightseers climb onto a bus to look at the newly-built Berlin Wall. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)

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